The Phases Of eLearning Design And Development
1. Discussing The Scope And/Or Design Of The Course
Before design and development even begin, the Instructional Designer will have to meet with the stakeholders, typically the higher authorities of the organisation, to understand what the course will look and feel like and which features will be included. Then, a design document will be created to put all this into paper (or file).
2. Determining Course Objectives
Once the design document has been created, the Instructional Designer will work with the stakeholders to determine what the course objectives will be. It is here that they will collect any material from them, which will include anything from links to existing websites, scanned handwritten notes to a general outline in a Word Doc or PDF. The Instructional Designer will also map out interactions and activities to ensure these objectives are met most engagingly and memorably.
3. Developing Content
This is the main phase where usually an eLearning developer comes in. The eLearning developer will have everything explained by the Instructional Designer, and all the documents and research will be handed down to them. They will also consult with the SMEs (Subject Matter Experts) if the Instructional Designer hasn’t already done so. Even if they have, they will continue consulting the SMEs whenever required. They will then divide the content into lessons and topics, encapsulate the content into a storyboard and send the storyboard for approval.
The storyboard will be reviewed by either the stakeholders, the client (if there is one) or the L&D manager. Any changes that must be made will be added to the storyboard, and it will be reviewed again and again until it is fit to be developed into a proper course.
Once the storyboard has been approved, the actual development or production of the course begins. As the eLearning developer has everything they need already, they just have to put every piece of content in place in the course with the proper navigation activities, animations, and interactions, add any programming or code if required, and turn it into a unit of learning. This course will be reviewed by the concerned authorities again and again, and changes will be made by the eLearning developer until it is fit to be delivered to the learners.
The whole process of design and development of an eLearning course makes quite clear what the roles and duties of an Instructional Designer and an eLearning developer are. I hope you gleaned something from this article that will be helpful to you in your L&D endeavours.